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How To Propagate Houseplants From Cuttings
Each of your plants potentially produces many offspring. In fact, when you learn how to propagate houseplants from cuttings, you grow plants for yourself and to share. Knowing how to take the cutting and the proper way to grow them into plants offers a new hobby for plant enthusiasts. Read on to learn how.
Steps to Propagate Houseplants From Cuttings
Propagation by cuttings offers an easy solution to more plants. This method takes less time than growing from seeds. And most plant enthusiasts enjoy producing new plants from their favorites.
- From the parent plant, use sharp scissors to cut a leaf stem of about 4-inches long. You need to cut just below where a new leaf is coming out of the plant.
- Dip the petiole tips in a hormone rooting powder or gel. While optional, this step provides better results in most cases.
- Place the cutting in a glass of water. Use the same water that you use to water your houseplants.
- Alternatively, you may make a small hole in potting soil and plant the stem directly in the soil.
- Keep the cutting in the water for soil until the roots form. You want to allow for enough root to sustain the new plant before transplanting. Optimally, the new roots grow at least an inch long before you transplant them. While timing varies, I usually estimate about 2 to 4 weeks.
- Carefully move the new plant from the water glass to its new pot. If rooted in soil, you skip this step unless you choose to move to a different pot at this time.
- Your newly planted houseplants require the same care as the parent plant. Be sure to keep them properly watered and cared for after transplanting as it causes stress on plants.
Easy Plants for Anyone to Propagate Houseplants From Cuttings
- Pothos (Epipremnum aureum). The Pothos provide beginners a good variety to learn from.
- Snake Plant (Sansevieria) offers another easy plant for beginners to work with.
- Spider Plant (Chlorophytum Cosomum) brings an even easier method as the tiny spiderettes (baby plants) literally grow off the plant leaves. Simply remove them and root according to the instructions.
- ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas Zamiifolia). Many people propagate the hearty ZZ plant from tubers. However, propagating from cuttings provides another easy method.
- Chinese Money plant (Pilea Peperiomioides). The Chinese Money Plant also does much of the propagation work for you. When the babies pop up, watch for them to grow to about 2 to 3 inches tall. Then remove them and proceed as above.
- String of Pearls (Senecia rowleyanus) This succulent can be propagated by cuttings but many choose to use a layering technique instead. For this, just lay one part of a string under a bit of soil. In about 4 weeks, the roots on the layered portion should be strong enough to allow you to cut the new plant from the parent plant.
- String of Bananas (Senecio radicans) Similar to the String of Pearls, this vining plant multiplies by either cuttings or layering.
- String of Hearts (Ceropegia woodii) also known as Chain of Hearts. Likewise, the String of Hearts reproduces similar to the previous two String plants. Most beginners find these three plants quite easy and interesting to propagate.
- Moses in the Cradle (Tradescantia spathacea) This plant offers another easy propagation as it grows offshoots. Use the same stem cutting methods of growing with these babies, using either water or soil to root them.
- Arrowhead plant (Syngonium podophyllum) Like other vine plants, the Arrowhead propagates quite readily using stem cuttings.
- Strawberry Begonia (Saxifraga stolonifera) Like the Spider Plant, the Strawberry Begonia helps you by growing offshoots. Just remove and use either water or soil methods.
- The Wandering Jew (Tradescantia pallida) Again, this plant offers easy propagation through stem cuttings. They root up more quickly than some of the others, giving you quicker results, too.
In addition to learning how to propagate houseplants from cuttings, we’ve given you 12 of the easiest plants, to begin with. And, after learning the basics with these, try a few more challenging ones. If you start now, you might complete your Christmas list early!