To understand proper indoor bonsai tree care, you need to understand the plant itself.
The word Bonsai comes from the Japanese words: from bon ‘tray’ + sai ‘planting’. And indeed, Dictionary.com gives us the description as:
Eastern Asia Beginnings
While the word Bonsai covers a wide range of trees and plants grown in miniature form, it’s beginnings trace back to early Chinese culture. The art form spread to Japan, Korea, and Vietnam, with each area offering it’s own variation and terms. Today, in America, we consider all to be Bonsai.
While many plants grow to supply food, shelter, or other necessities, the Bonsai cultivation provides aesthetics and a calming serenity for the grower and home. In fact, Bonsai artists focus entirely on the long-term cultivation and shaping of these container-grown trees.
Bonsai creation begins with a cutting, seedling, or even a small tree specimen. Nearly any perennial woody-stemmed tree or shrub may find its way to becoming a bonsai plant. It needs to be able to produce true branches and can stay small in the confinement of a pot. Also, it must withstand the crown and root pruning.
Plants with interesting characteristics, such as small leaves or needles, are preferred. However, flowering plants may also be used.
Within those perimeters, the bonsai is crafted into the preferred shape and size but pruning and containing in a small pot. Its foliage may also be redirected to produce the desired shape.
Indoor Bonsai Tree Care Essentials
Water your bonsai
Your bonsai demands very specific watering requirements. About once a week, or when the topsoil feels completely dry, immerse the entire bonsai plant into a tub or sink of water. Watch for the air bubbles to rise to the top. This indicates that the bonsai has absorbed enough water.
Another important consideration for the health of the bonsai, humidity, needs to be considered. Your bonsai may come with a humidity tray and bag of pebbles. If not, consider purchasing one. Set the pebbles into the tray. Cover the pebbles with a little water. This increases the humidity level for the tree, while also protecting the surface the plant rests on.
Placement of your bonsai
Technically, your bonsai is a tree, though it occupies the space of a smaller plant. Most people find this unique addition to their home brings a very natural, peaceful feel. In fact, some choose to create a small bonsai garden as the focal point of the main living space. Others add such a feature to the patio, too.
When selecting the proper placement, keep in mind that your tree needs plenty of direct sunlight. This usually means a placement near a sunny window. If that is not available, consider a grow light to ensure a happy bonsai.
A bonsai creates a sense of tranquility and peace in an office space, too. Whether your office is in your home or at an office building, the addition of a bonsai brings balance and interest to the environment.
Indoor bonsai tree care includes pruningThe art of pruning your bonsai might create a bit of stress at first. But you need not worry.
First, step back and look at your tree. Now imagine the shape you wish it to grow into.
With that in mind, pick up your bonsai clippers (not scissors, please!) and remove any dead branches.
Take another look before beginning the shaping prune. Many Bonsai experts believe this time might be the most calming time. In fact, some will use meditation techniques during this time.
You simply prune in small amounts to encourage the tree into your desired shape. The trimming also allows for new growth to emerge.
After each small trim, stand back and look to ensure your cuts set the right image. Remember, it’s best to take less off at first. However, the tree will continue to grow.
Type of soil for your bonsai
The perfect soil for your bonsai will drain quickly but also retain its water. Additionally, it contains small particles to ensure proper aeration. This allows the roots access to the oxygen they need. Begin with a soil specifically blended for bonsai to ensure the best success.
In addition, your bonsai needs fertilizer added during the growing season. This is typically early spring through mid-fall. However, it’s best to avoid fertilizing during the rest season of late fall and winter.
Indoor Bonsai Tree Care Lifespan
The smaller bonsai trees might only be five years old. However, given proper care, they live for decades longer. In fact, some boast a lifespan of over 500 years and counting! For those interested, there are lists of trees and their approximate ages.
Interested in adding a bonsai tree to your home?
Here are a few you might consider. We’ve selected 10 varieties known to be good for beginners. Not only are they easy to care for, but they provide interesting colors and textures.
Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum)
The lobed leaves and color added to its adaptability as a bonsai, make the Japanese Maple a popular choice.. With many available varieties and the potential to train the tree into many styles, you might consider this as your first Bonsai project.
Bodhi tree (Ficus Religiosa)
Commonly known as sacred fig, peepal tree, and Bo-tree, the Bodhi tree was the tree that Buddha received enlightenment under.
It makes an excellent bonsai. Growing fast and forming aerial roots, this strong plant offers beginners some room to learn while providing more advanced a chance at improvements.
Small shiny heart-shaped foliage appears bronze at first. However, it later turns glossy green as the leaves mature. Some prefer to leave many leaves, but the Bodhi is quite forgiving if the leaves are minimized.
Planted in a cascade style or planted on a rock, this tree is aptly called “rock cotoneaster. It is a deciduous shrub that is suitable for bonsai culture due to it’s long-lasting color. It grows best in temperate regions and excels as a houseplant. Beginners find this tree’s forgiving nature very helpful as they learn indoor bonsai tree care.
Usually grown as a hedge, the boxwood makes an idea bonsai. Because of the easy to care for, train, and maintain nature, boxwood often finds its way into the hands of beginners. However, both beginners and experienced enjoy the beautiful creations possible with this plant.
One of the most attractive trees among the tropical bonsai growers, these often engage beginners and advanced bonsai artists. Easy to style and forgiving of mistakes and negligence, you won’t regret choosing it for learning bonsai.
Jade tree (Crassula ovata)
A succulent plant boasting thick fleshy stems and leaves, Jade grows to a mature look quickly. In fact, the thick trunk provides added interest at a small size. Known as an evergreen, Jade is a hardy, easy-care bonsai,. Beginners choose Jade for the hardiness; advanced artists for the sheer beauty.
For bonsai enthusiasts seeking color, the Bougainvillea offers that and more. The beautiful papery flowers create an attractive display for most of the year. Colorful and pretty, the Bougainvillea grows fast. With branches that are easy to wire, they train into almost any style.
Another colorful choice, the Adenium sports a thick bulbous trunk, vibrant blooms, and glossy foliage. This flowering tree grows fast, creating a natural-looking bonsai with minimal effort.
Cherry Blossom (Prunus serrulata)
Blooming in Spring, the deciduous Cherry Blossom doesn’t show color the rest of the year. However, its admirers don’t worry about that. They know that each spring, the blossoms will flourish and when they fall, they create a blanket of color. The rest of the year, the branches and single trunk offer a unique spectacle. Lenticels, dark horizontal lines, adorn the trunk.
Seeking exquisite branch formation, showy flowers of pink, white, or purple in an easy to grow bonsai? Think Crape Myrtle. Additionally, it sheds its outer layers of bark from time to time showing an underlying bark color that varies from gray, rusty brown to almost pink. This beautiful bonsai tree might become your favorite.
These 10 plants offer easy Indoor Bonsai Tree Care
Hundreds of varieties of bonsai exist for you to choose from. However, we believe that any of these 10 may offer you a good start in this interesting hobby. We’ve selected easy to care for varieties. Which ones will bring the serenity to your home?
Also, consider gifting one of these beautiful artistic plants. Children, adults, and even seniors may find bonsai art calms them. In fact, during the stressful times, such as the pandemic, college students’ final testing, and life’s trials, perhaps the bonsai provides that means to happiness.